2D Echo also known as 2D Echocardiography is a simple, non-invasive, and painless test that helps to diagnose cardiac disorders.
2D Echo is one of the medical tests that uses sound waves to capture the images of an organ. With a specially designed sonography probe, 2D echo provides clear pictures of the heart. It helps to observe the various components of the heart such as cardiac muscles, valves, chambers, etc. Besides, 2D Echo can also help to assess the heart functioning by determining the rate of the blood flow through the cardiac chambers.
With the advancements in the medical sciences and technology, 2D Echo has gained preference over ECG and considered to be the Gold standard to assess cardiac structures and functioning.
2D Echo is usually performed under the supervision of a radiologist and a cardiologist. It takes around 20 minutes to 1 hour of time to complete the test. Here is the step-by-step procedure of 2D Echo:
- To start the procedure, the patient is made to lie on the examination table and the chest region is kept uncovered
- A special type of gel is applied to the exposed part, that allows the transmission of sound waves
- Then the transducer, which emits the high-frequency sound waves; will be moved over the gel to capture the images of the heart.
- The patient may be asked to change the position for better assessment of heart anatomy
- Finally, the gel is wiped off after the test procedure is completed.